31st Annual Demographic Workshop

Accelerating Planning to Catch Up to 21st Century Demographics

Overview

31st Annual Demographic Workshop Flyer Image

Presented by The Southern California Association Of Governments and The University Of Southern California (USC) Sol Price School Of Public Policy.

Virtual Workshops

June 11 and 18, 2020

The Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG) and University of Southern California (USC) Sol Price School of Public Policy hosted the 31st Annual Demographic Workshop. Due to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, this year’s event was split into two webinars – Part 1 took place on Thursday, June 11, 2020, and Part 2 took place on Thursday, June 18, 2020.

For additional details about the event, please contact John Cho at choj@scag.ca.gov.

Supporting Partners

U.S. Census Bureau, California State Census Data Center, California Department of Finance, California Department of Housing and Community Development, USC Population Dynamics Research Group

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PART 1: THURSDAY, JUNE 11

The Changing Demographic Outlook and Housing Trends

Workshop Agenda

1:30 p.m.  INTRODUCTIONS
  • Jack Knott, Ph.D., Dean, Sol Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California

  • Kome Ajise, Executive Director, Southern California Association of Governments

  • Hon. Rex Richardson, President, Southern California Association of Governments

1:45 p.m.  DEMOGRAPHIC CHECK-UP: CONTINUED SLOW GROWTH?
  • Beth Jarosz, Senior Research Associate, U.S. Programs, Population Reference Bureau
    VIEW PRESENTATION

  • Armando Mendoza, Data Dissemination Specialist, Customer Liaison & Marketing Services Office, U.S. Census Bureau
    VIEW PRESENTATION

  • Walter Schwarm, Chief, Demographic Research Unit, California Department of Finance
    VIEW PRESENTATION

Moderator: Janna Z. Goldberg, Ph.D., Director of Research, LendingClub

2:30 p.m.  DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AND HOUSING
  • Dowell Myers, Ph.D., Professor and Director, Population Dynamics Research Group, University of Southern California
    VIEW PRESENTATION

  • Gary Painter, Ph.D., Professor and Director of Social Policy, USC Sol Price Center for Social Innovation, University of Southern California
    VIEW PRESENTATION

  • JungHo Park, Ph.D., Postdoctoral Researcher, Population Dynamics Research Group, University of Southern California
    VIEW PRESENTATION

Moderator: Linda M. Wheaton, AICP, Senior Housing Policy Advisor, Southern California Association of Governments

3:15 p.m.  BREAK
3:45 p.m.  ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSIONS
  • Differential Privacy and Census Data
    Jonathan Buttle, Research Data Specialist II, Demographic Research Unit, California Department of Finance
    VIEW PRESENTATION

  • Housing Planning for the Future
    Sohab Mehmood, Housing Policy Specialist, Land Use and Planning Unit, California Department of Housing and Community Development
    VIEW PRESENTATION

  • Introduction to data.census.gov, Census Bureau’s New Website
    Armando Mendoza, Data Dissemination Specialist, Customer Liaison & Marketing Services Office, U.S. Census Bureau

4:45 p.m.  ADJOURN

Videos

Part 1 – The Changing Demographic Outlook and Housing Trends​

Roundtable Discussion on Differential Privacy and Census Data​

Roundtable Discussion on Housing Planning for the Future​

Roundtable Discussion on Census Bureau’s New Website

Speaker Bios

Jonathan Buttle

Research Data Specialist II, Demographic Research Unit, California Department of Finance

Jonathan ButtleJonathan Buttle is a Research Data Specialist II with the Demographic Research Unit in the California Department of Finance. His responsibilities include designing and programming custom data visualizations for the Demographic Research Unit website; retrieval, analysis, and distribution of U.S. Census Bureau products and data sets; assisting clients both inside of and outside of the Department of Finance with questions about American Community Survey and Current Population Survey data sets and producing custom data tabulations. His research interests include data science with an emphasis on visualization.

Jonathan has a M.A. in Economics from the California State University, Sacramento. He was a Jesse Marvin Unruh Assembly Fellow and prior to working at the Department of Finance served as a budget analyst for the California Department of Consumer Affairs and the Contractor’s State License Board.

Janna Z. Goldberg

Director of Research, LendingClub

Janna Z. GoldbergJanna Z. Goldberg is the Director of Research at LendingClub. Prior to LendingClub, Janna worked for The RAND Corporation Survey Research Group for over six years on a variety of studies related to social policy and health. She also worked at Age Wave as a Vice President. She specializes in mixed-methods research related to changes over the life course, family formation, housing demography, and the transition to adulthood.

Janna holds a Ph.D. in urban planning and development, with a specialization in demography, from the Sol Price School of Public Policy at the University of Southern California, a master’s degree in international relations from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, a certificate in global health with a focus on aging from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and a bachelor’s degree in political science and art history from the University of California, San Diego.

Beth Jarosz

Senior Research Associate, U.S. Programs, Population Reference Bureau

Beth JaroszBeth Jarosz is a senior research associate in PRB’s United States Programs where she manages projects based in California. Prior to joining PRB, Ms. Jarosz was Senior Demographer at the San Diego Association of Governments and taught sociology at Pensacola State College. She has been both a panelist and steering committee member for National Academies workshops on the American Community Survey, is on the board of the Association of Public Data Users, and is Vice President of the Southern Demographic Association. Her publications include research on inequality, trends in fertility and mortality, and population estimation and forecasting. She has been quoted by numerous national and local news organizations. She completed her master’s degree in Demographic and Social Analysis at the University of California, Irvine.

Sohab Mehmood

Housing Policy Specialist, Land Use and Planning Unit, California Department of Housing and Community DevelopmentSohab Mehmood

Sohab Mehmood works within the Land Use and Planning Unit at HCD’s Housing Policy Division. She specializes in housing elements and is the team lead on the Technical Assistance Program that serves SB2 Planning Grants, LEAP, REAP, and Prohousing.

Armando Mendoza

Data Dissemination Specialist, Customer Liaison & Marketing Services Office, U.S. Census Bureau

Armando MendozaMr. Mendoza has worked in a number of capacities for the Census Bureau over the past decade, including leadership roles on the 2010 Census and 2020 Census early preparations. Other roles include 2020 Statistics in Schools Program (SIS) outreach and engagement with pre-K-12 educational organizations, education efforts to facilitate broad use of Census Bureau data products by providing training, workshops, presentations and Webinars to businesses, educational organizations, community and faith-based organizations on using data tools and apps to access census data from the Decennial Census, Economic Census, and the American Community Survey.

Prior of joining the Census Bureau, Armando served in a range of executive positions in the reprographics industry. He provided leadership in several firms in California, Nevada, Arizona, Washington, and Mexico.

He was born in Chihuahua, Mexico. He holds an M.B.A. from The Argyros School of Business and Economics at Chapman University, and an Executive Certificate in Global Management from Thunderbird University.

Dowell Myers, Ph.D.

Professor and Director, Population Dynamics Research Group, University of Southern California

Dowell Myers, Ph.D.Dowell Myers is a professor of policy, planning, and demography in the Sol Price School of Public Policy at USC. He directs the Population Dynamics Research Group and is a leading expert on California’s changing demographics that lead the nation’s. Dr. Myers has specialized in the demographics of housing demand and needs, with recent studies of “Peak Millennials” and future homeownership. He is also expert in trends of both immigration and children, the two groups who will form our future workforce that will replace retiring baby boomers. Dr. Myers holds his PhD from MIT, a Master of City Planning from UC-Berkeley, and a BA in anthropology from Columbia University. Many of his publications are available at https://sites.usc.edu/popdynamics/.

Gary Painter, Ph.D.

Professor and Director of Social Policy, USC Sol Price Center for Social Innovation, University of Southern California

Gary Painter, Ph.D.Gary Painter is a Professor in the Sol Price School of Public Policy at the University of Southern California. He also serves as the Director of the Sol Price Center for Social Innovation and the Homelessness Policy Research Institute. He recently published a co-authored book entitled, “Payment by Results and Social Impact Bonds: Outcome-based Payment Systems in the UK and US.” He has published numerous articles in top journals such as the Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Urban Economics, Urban Studies, Journal of Human Resources, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Real Estate Economics, Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, and Regional Science and Urban Economics.

Professor Painter is a leading figure in the field of social innovation. In addition to his recent book, he works extensively with a variety of social innovation organizations and collective impact networks to address some of the grand challenges that society faces. His current research focuses on how to activate the social innovation process. Professor Painter also has extensive expertise in housing, urban economics, and education policy, which shapes his research on how the social innovation process can identify new models of social change within these complex policy areas.

He has served as a consultant for the National Association of Realtors, Pacific Economics Group, Andrew Davidson Co., Fannie Mae, Grant Thorton LLP, Burr Consulting, and the Research Institute for Housing America.

JungHo Park, Ph.D.

Postdoctoral Researcher, Population Dynamics Research Group, University of Southern California

JungHo Park, Ph.D.JungHo Park is a postdoctoral researcher at the USC Population Dynamics Research Group. His research is based in the field of housing demography, focusing on housing shortages, rental affordability, housing needs assessment, and spatial distribution of subsidized housing. Before joining USC, Dr. Park was a researcher of the national forecasting and projections team at the Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements (KRIHS). He has been an engineer at the Samsung Construction Group and the Hyundai Development Company in South Korea. Dr. Park holds his PhD from the University of Southern California.

Walter Schwarm

Chief, Demographic Research Unit, California Department of Finance

Walter SchwarmWalter Schwarm joined the Demographic Research Unit of the California Department of Finance in 2006 as an Analyst in the city projections assignment. He moved to the State Data Center assignment as a Research Program Specialist in January 2009. From 2003-2006 he was the Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the Regional Research Institute at West Virginia University, involved in a variety of public and privately funded research projects while maintaining the West Virginia population projections. He earned his Ph.D. in Economics from Colorado State University in 2002. Mr. Schwarm research involved modeling small region fiscal interactions and revenue sharing issues, and he has published a number of papers in academic journals as well as several book chapters.

Linda M. Wheaton, AICP

Senior Housing Policy Advisor, Southern California Association of Governments

Linda M. Wheaton, AICPLinda is a Senior Housing Policy Advisor at SCAG, following many years of policy work at the California Department of Housing and Community Development (HCD). California’s dynamic demographic issues have been central to her work with myriad stakeholders in state and local housing policy, planning and programs, and financial assistance related to transportation, public health, and climate change. She is a member of the American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP), an M.C.P from the University of California, Berkeley, and several housing and land use organizations.

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Part 2: Thursday, June 18

Impact of COVID-19 on Housing and Economy

Workshop Agenda

1:30 p.m.  RECAP HIGHLIGHTS OF PART 1

  • Dowell Myers, Ph.D., Professor and Director, Population Dynamics Research Group, University of Southern California
1:45 p.m.  2020 CENSUS UPDATE
  • James T. Christy, Assistant Director for Field Operations, U.S. Census Bureau
    VIEW PRESENTATION
2:00 p.m.  BIG SHIFTS AHEAD FOR HOUSING IN A POST-COVID WORLD
  • Chris Porter, Chief Demographer, John Burns Real Estate Consulting
    VIEW PRESENTATION

Moderator: Sarah Jepson, Director of Planning, Southern California Association of Governments

2:30 p.m.  IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON ECONOMY
  • Richard Green, Ph.D., Professor and Director and Chair of the Lusk Center for Real Estate, University of Southern California

  • Steve Levy, Director and Senior Economist, Center for Continuing Study of the California Economy
    VIEW PRESENTATION

  • Somjita Mitra, Ph.D., Chief of Economic Research, California Department of Finance
    VIEW PRESENTATION

Moderator: Irena Asmundson, Chief Economist, California Department of Finance

3:15 p.m.  BREAK
3:45 p.m.  ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSIONS
  • The Show Must Go On: Los Angeles Unified School District Planning and Response During COVID-19
    Mary Prichard, Demographic Research and Planning Analyst II, Los Angeles Unified School District
    VIEW PRESENTATION

  • The Art of Utilizing Data and Technology to Quantify The Impacts of COVID-19: SCAG Vulnerability Indicators Dashboard
    Tom Vo, Senior Regional Planner, Southern California Association of Governments

  • Post COVID-19 Economic Development Toolkit
    Larry J. Kosmont, CRE, Chairman and CEO, Kosmont Companies
    Joseph Dieguez, Senior Vice President, Kosmont Companies
    VIEW PRESENTATION

Videos

Part 2 – Impact of COVID-19 on Housing and Economy​

Roundtable Discussion on LAUSD Planning and Response During COVID-19​

Roundtable Discussion on SCAG Vulnerability Indicators Dashboard​

Roundtable Discussion on Post COVID-19 Economic Development Toolkit

Speaker Bios

Irena Asmundson

Chief Economist, California Department of Finance

Irena AsmundsonIrena Asmundson joined the California Department of Finance as Chief Economist in April 2013. She directs the periodic economic, revenue, and population projections; reviews economic impact analyses of California’s major regulations; and provides advice on economic policy issues for the Governor’s Administration. Prior to joining the department, she was a Senior Economist at the International Monetary Fund where she worked on forecasts for a wide variety of countries, as well as covering global trade, financial, and monetary system issues. She has also served as a Staff Economist on the President’s Council of Economic Advisers, and as a Research Assistant for the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.

A second-generation California native, Ms. Asmundson received her PhD in Economics from Stanford University, and her bachelor’s degrees in Mathematics and Economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

James T. Christy

Assistant Director for Field Operations, U.S. Census Bureau

James T. ChristyJames T. Christy is the U.S. Census Bureau’s assistant director for Field Operations. The directorate employs approximately 11,000 people dur ing non- census years conducting surveys and will swell to more than 500,000 during the 2020 Census. Most are home-based interviewers located in every county of the nation, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

Previously, Christy served as the director of the Census Bureau’s Los Angeles Regional Office where he oversaw data collection activities in seven states – Alaska, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington.

Christy began his career at Census Bureau headquarters in Suitland, MD., as a statistician evaluating education and expenditure data. He has also worked in the Denver and Kansas City regional offices on a var iety of Census Bureau activities. These included working on the 1990 and 2000 Censuses and the supervision of data collection for indicators such as the Consumer Price Index, the Monthly Unemployment Rate and Housing Starts.

He has served as chairman of the Greater Los Angeles Federal Execut ive Board and part icipates in numerous ac tivi ties related to public policy issues in Southern California.

Joseph Dieguez

Senior Vice President, Kosmont Companies

Joseph DieguezJoseph Dieguez is Senior Vice President with Kosmont Companies serving public and private sector clients primarily through market and economic analyses, strategic planning, and real estate development advisory. His recent work includes special/tax increment district implementation (including Enhanced Infrastructure Financing Districts and Community Revitalization and Investment Authorities), market supply and demand analysis, fiscal impact and economic benefit studies, financial feasibility and development pro forma evaluation, and property reuse strategies for municipalities, real estate investment and development firms, and multiple Fortune 500 clients.

Richard Green, Ph.D.

Professor and Director and Chair of the Lusk Center for Real Estate, University of Southern California

Richard Green, Ph.D.Richard K. Green, Ph.D. holds the Lusk Chair in Real Estate and is Professor in the Sol Price School of Public Policy and the Marshall School of Business. He recently finished a year as Senior Advisor for Housing Finance at the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, and as of July 1, 2016 became a Trustee of the Urban Land Institute.  Prior to joining the USC faculty, Dr. Green spent four years as the Oliver T. Carr, Jr., Chair of Real Estate Finance at The George Washington University School of Business. He was Director of the Center for Washington Area Studies and the Center for Real Estate and Urban Studies at that institution. Dr. Green also taught real estate finance and economics courses for 12 years at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he was Wangard Faculty Scholar and Chair of Real Estate and Urban Land Economics. He also has been principal economist and director of financial strategy and policy analysis at Freddie Mac. More recently, he was a visiting professor of real estate at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, and he continues to retain an affiliation with Wharton. He is or has been involved with the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, the Conference of Business Economists, the Center for Urban Land Economics Research, and the National Association of Industrial and Office Properties. Dr. Green also is a Weimer Fellow at the Homer Hoyt Institute, and a member of the faculty of the Selden Institute for Advanced Studies in Real Estate. He was recently President of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association.

Dr. Green earned his Ph.D. and M.S. in economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He earned his A.B. in economics from Harvard University.  His research addresses housing markets, housing policy, tax policy, transportation, mortgage finance and urban growth. He is a member of two academic journal editorial boards, and a reviewer for several others. His work is published in a number of journals including the American Economic Review, Journal of Economic Perspectives,  Journal of Regional Science, Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Journal of Urban Economics, Land Economics, Regional Science and Urban Economics, Real Estate Economics, Housing Policy Debate, Journal of Housing Economics, and Urban Studies. His book with Stephen Malpezzi, A Primer on U.S. Housing Markets and Housing Policy, is used at universities throughout the country, and he recently published a book, Introduction to Mortgages and Mortgage Backed Securities. His work has been cited or he has been quoted in the New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, the Christian Science Monitor, the Los Angeles Times, Newsweek and the Economist, as well as other outlets. He spoke at the 31st annual Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Economic Symposium, and he has testified before US Senate and House Committees, as well as California Assembly Committees. The National Association of REALTORS, the Ford Foundation, and the Lincoln Institute for Land Policy have funded grants to support some of Dr. Green’s research. He consults for the World Bank.

Sarah Jepson

Director of Planning, Southern California Association of Governments

Sarah JepsonSarah Jepson is Director of Planning at Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG), the nation’s largest Metropolitan Planning Organization. Her responsibilities include developing and updating the Regional Transportation Plan/Sustainable Communities Strategy, which is a long-range blueprint that identifies projects and strategies to address the region’s transportation challenges and improve system performance. Sarah also oversees the Regional Housing Needs Assessment, Federal Transportation Improvement Program and a comprehensive environmental analysis and compliance program.

Previously Sarah served as Manager of Active Transportation and Special Programs at SCAG, Sustainability Policy Manager for the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority and she worked on growth management planning for the King County Executive in Seattle, Washington.

Larry J. Kosmont, CRE

Chairman and CEO, Kosmont Companies

Larry J. Kosmont, CRELarry J. Kosmont, CRE is Chairman and CEO of Kosmont Companies, which he founded in 1986. Kosmont Companies is an industry leader in public/private real estate transactions and economic development. In 1990, he founded Kosmont Realty, a real estate brokerage firm. In 2015, in compliance with licensing regulations, he launched Kosmont Transactions Services, Inc. (KTS)  as an SEC/MSRB registered Municipal Financial Advisory firm. KTS sources financing for public agencies, public/private projects, P3 initiatives, and infrastructure funding. He is a co-principal of California Golden Fund, a USCIS approved EB-5 Regional Center.

Mr. Kosmont’s 40-year career encompasses public/private financial structuring, negotiation, development, and management of real estate and public finance transactions exceeding $12B. He has assisted hundreds of local government agencies in public finance and real estate matters ranging from large-scale economic development programs to site-specific real estate strategies and projects. He has guided over 1,000 private sector projects in obtaining public approvals, structuring deal terms, and securing public/private financing. He currently serves as a Board Advisor to the California Association for Local Economic Development (CALED) and as a Board member for BizFED.

Steve Levy

Director and Senior Economist, Center for Continuing Study of the California Economy

Steve LevyStephen Levy is Director of the Center for Continuing Study of the California Economy. He works with large public agencies in California to develop long-term economic and demographic forecasts and explore their policy implications. Steve has worked with SCAG for more than 40 years. He serves on the board of the state and NOVA workforce boards, the Bay Area Economic Institute and Palo Alto Forward.

Somjita Mitra, Ph.D.

Chief of Economic Research, California Department of Finance

Somjita Mitra, Ph.D.Somjita Mitra, Ph.D. is the Chief of Economic Research at the California Department of Finance.  The Economic Research Unit prepares economic forecasts and analyses of various economic developments, advises state departments and local government agencies, provides economic information to the general public and oversees the regulatory review process.

Prior to joining the Department of Finance in November 2019,  she was the Director of the Institute for Applied Economics at the Los Angeles County Economic Development Corporation.  She joined the Institute for Applied Economics as an Economist in June 2013.  She was involved in the planning, designing and conducting of research and analysis for consulting clients and local businesses and government. Her was on regional analysis, economic impact studies and the industrial and occupational structure of local economies.

Before joining the LAEDC, Dr. Mitra was an Economist for a local economic research and litigation consulting company evaluating economic damages, estimating lost profits, identifying key economic issues and developing necessary analytical and empirical frameworks.  Prior to this, Dr. Mitra was a Project Director for a consumer research firm in Los Angeles where she managed projects that identified and analyzed key market issues for small, local firms as well as multinational corporations.

Dr. Mitra received her Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Political Science from the University of California, Los Angeles and her Master of Arts in Politics, Economics and Business as well as her Ph.D. in Economics from Claremont Graduate University.   Dr. Mitra enjoys volunteering in the local community and is actively involved in both women’s welfare, mentoring first generation college students and animal rescue organizations.

Dowell Myers, Ph.D.

Professor and Director, Population Dynamics Research Group, University of Southern California

Dowell Myers, Ph.D.Dowell Myers is a professor of policy, planning, and demography in the Sol Price School of Public Policy at USC. He directs the Population Dynamics Research Group and is a leading expert on California’s changing demographics that lead the nation’s. Dr. Myers has specialized in the demographics of housing demand and needs, with recent studies of “Peak Millennials” and future homeownership. He is also expert in trends of both immigration and children, the two groups who will form our future workforce that will replace retiring baby boomers. Dr. Myers holds his PhD from MIT, a Master of City Planning from UC-Berkeley, and a BA in anthropology from Columbia University. Many of his publications are available at https://sites.usc.edu/popdynamics/.

Chris Porter

Chief Demographer, John Burns Real Estate Consulting

Chris PorterChris Porter is a Senior Vice President and Chief Demographer at John Burns Real Estate Consulting, a national consulting firm that provides independent research and consulting services related to the US housing industry. Chris is part of a highly passionate team of research analysts and consultants in offices across the country who work together to provide the most trusted source of US housing analysis. In his role as Chief Demographer, Chris helps the firm’s clients understand the role demographics play in shaping the demand for for-sale and for-rent housing in both the short and long term.

Mary Prichard

Demographic Research and Planning Analyst II, Los Angeles Unified School District

Mary PrichardMs. Prichard currently serves as a Demographic Research and Planning Analyst II for the Master Planning and Demographics Unit of the Los Angeles Unified School District.

The Unit’s function is to support the LAUSD’s mission through production of short and long range enrollment forecasts, management of the District’s annual school-by-school enrollment planning process (ECAST), management of the District’s annual facilities capacity (supply) and enrollment (demand) process (ECAR), applied K-12 demographic analyses, attendance boundary management, and production of official District mapping.

Ms. Prichard is involved in multiple aspects of the Unit’s operations including strategic planning, project development and management, data-driven analyses, data management, and quality control. She has extensive experience with enrollment forecasting, capacity planning, analytic techniques, database development and management, confidential data management protocols, process documentation, and working in a GIS environment.

Ms. Prichard served for a number of years in adjunct faculty positions for community colleges as well for CSULA. She served as President of the Los Angeles Geographical Society (LAGS) and as a Career Mentor for the Association of American Geographers (AAG).

Her research has been presented at professional conferences, including the Association of American Geographers and Population Association of America annual conferences.

She holds B.A. and M.A. degrees in Geography from Cal State Los Angeles.

Tom Vo

Senior Regional Planner, Southern California Association of Governments

Tom VoTom Vo is a Senior Regional Planner at the Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG). Tom works in the Research and Analysis Department where he applies his research, spatial, analytical skills on diverse topics related to transportation and land use planning to promote sustainability as well as equity for the southern Californians; to name a few, these topics are job accessibility, open space accessibility, vehicle-mile-traveled/time travel reductions, urban runoff pollutant, affordable housing, public transportation accessibility, General Plan update, and the current COVID-19 pandemic.