Public Health Frameworks
Social Determinants of Health
Social determinants include neighborhood and built environment, health and health care, economic stability, education, and social and community context. All of these determinants have an impact on health. Per the World Health Organization (WHO), health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not just the absence of disease.
- California Planning Roundtable: Social Determinants of Health for Planners
- WHO Social Determinants of Health
Health in All Policies
Southern Californians face health impacts, both positive and negative, from the policies made in 22 state agencies, departments, and offices. Active transportation is a key factor of healthy and sustainable communities from everything such as creating cleaner air quality to physical activity. Understanding how different policies will influence health outcomes is necessary for all communities.
Health disparities affect vulnerable communities at a greater scale than other communities. Section 131019.5 of the California Health and Safety Code hopes to combat this. The goal is to improve health, mental health, and well-being for all people. To achieve optimal health, social, economic, and environmental conditions should be examined.